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Introduction:

Do you want to learn how to grow Mandarin Oriental plants? If so, you’ve come to the right place! In this article, we’ll provide you with complete guidance on how to cultivate Mandarin Oriental plants the right way. From choosing the right soil to planting the seeds, we’ll walk you through every step of the process. So whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, we have everything you need to get started. Let’s get started!

In India, in terms of area under cultivation, citrus is the third largest fruit industry after Banana and Mango. Nagpur mandarin is one of the best mandarins in the world. Production of this fruit crop in the central and western parts of India is increasing every year.

Mandarins grow successfully in all frost-free tropical and sub-tropical regions up to 1,500 m. above m.s.l. Annual rainfall of 100-120 cm. and temperature ranging from 100-350 C is suitable for cultivation of the crop.

Mandarins can be grown in a wide variety of soils but medium or light loamy soils with slightly heavy sub-soil, well-drained with a pH of 6.0-8.0 are ideal for cultivation.

1.              Growing and Potential Belts
 

Nagpur santra (mandarin) is chiefly grown in Satpura hills (Vidharba region) of Central India, hilly slopes of Darjeeling (West Bengal), and Coorg (Karnataka). In South India, Wynad, Nilgiri, Palney and Shevroy hills are the major mandarin growing belts while the hills of Meghalaya (Khasi, Dusha, Garo, Jaintia), Mizoram, Tripura, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh have predominance in mandarins. In Assam, Brahmaputra valley and Dibrugarh districts are famous for mandarin production.

The state-wise growing belts are given in the following :

StateGrowing and Potentials belts
MaharashtraNagpur, Akola, Amravati, Wardha
RajasthanJhalawad, Kota
KarnatakaChikmagalore, Kodagu, Hassan, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Bagalkot
Madhya PradeshChhindwara, Mandsaur, Betul, Ujjain, Shajapur, Khandwa, Khargone, Dhar, Ratlam
AssamTinsukia, NC Hills, Karbi Anglong, Kamrup, Goalpara, Dhemaji, Jorhat
NagalandWokha, Tuensang
MizoramAizwal
Tamil NaduDindigul, Salem, Nilgiris
West BengalDarjeeling
OrissaGajapati, Ganjam, Keonjhar, Kalahandi, Phulbani, Mayurbhanj, Sundergarh, Bargarh, Sambalpur
MeghalayaEast & West Khasi, Ri-Bhoi, Garo hills, Jaintia hills

2.             Land Preparation

The land is prepared by ploughing, leveling, and removing weeds.

3.              Planting

4.       Planting Material

Mandarin orange is propagated by seeds and also vegetatively propagated by T-budding.

5.        Planting season

Seedlings are mostly transplanted in the month of July-August after the commencement of the monsoon. Budding should preferably be done in the last week of January or the first week of February following the ‘T’ or shield budding method.

6. Control of Insect & Diseases pests

  • Blackfly (Koshi)
  • Citrus Psylla
  • Leaf miner
  • Bark eating caterpillar
  • Fruit sucking moth
  • Mites
  • Precautionary Measures:
  • Twig Blight
  • Precautionary Measures
  • Gummosis, Root rot, and Collar rot

Economic Importance:
Orange is rich in vitamins C, A, B, and phosphorus. Orange is consumed fresh or in the form of juice, jam, squash, and syrup. It is the main source of peel oil, citric acid, and cosmetics which have international market value.

Planting, Irrigation, Famous Varieties:

Mandarin orange is propagated by seeds and also vegetatively propagated by T-budding. Seedlings are mostly transplanted in the month of July-August after the commencement of the monsoon. Irrigation is provided at an interval of 10-15 days during winter months whereas during summer months it is provided at an interval of 5-7 days. 

Source: ICAR – Central Citrus Research Institute, Nagpur

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