While the Indian government is also spending crores on organic farming promotions, there are several facts about organic farming many people are unaware of. Even the Indian government is promoting organic food in India with National Project on Organic Farming (NPOF) schemes.
The USDA has recently released its latest organic farmers survey results, and the good news is in. The goal of this study was to discover elements influencing farmers behavior toward organic rice cultivation in Thailand. The expected results of an Organic Farming Intentions for Farmers model (IOF) would indicate how advanced theory-of-planned behavior (TPB) knowledge could be applied by public institutions for increasing organic agriculture, particularly among small-scale farmers, with the long-term benefits reducing toxic pollution and improving human health.
If farmers compare organic to conventional agriculture and perceive that organic is superior, then they intend to cultivate organic rice. If farmers are aware of PRFs associated with traditional rice cultivation, they will intend to grow organic rice. According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, an arm of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), in 2011, organic farming will need an additional 14.5 million acres of land in order to match conventional agricultures output for the 14 major crops (human-oriented food crops).
Organic farmland has declined dramatically in recent decades: It now accounts for less than 1% of global farmland (Indias is around 0.28%). Across all related species, organic farms are home to 30% more, on average, compared with conventional methods. In the old-style agricultural practices, farmers did not have the technologies or the manpower to make any meaningful impact on the devastation of biodiversity, even in a stage of mass-production agriculture. Modern organic farm practices, such as removing pesticides and including animal manure, crop rotation, and culturally diverse crops, offer opportunities for greater biodiversity to flourish and coexist harmoniously. In several countries, including India, their farming policies are increasingly pushing towards environmentally-oriented agricultural practices, which conserve biodiversity and preserve natural ecosystem processes.
The effects of organic agriculture on natural resources favor interactions within an agroecosystem, which are essential to both the agricultural output and the preservation of nature. Organic crops have few to no herbicides and pesticides, and therefore, biodiversity and population densities are benefitted. Since the potential effects of GMOs on both environment and health are not fully understood, organic farming takes the precautionary approach and opts to promote natural biodiversity.
Current farming practices that include chemical fertilizers, even organic, are not sustainable long-term and may have detrimental effects on the environment. The solutions that are available may involve growing GMO crops within an organic system, since it would actually conform to organic farming principles, that is, reducing ecological footprints and increasing sustainability. With the prices of corn at what they are now, and with many farmers feeling the burdens of conventional agricultures commodity farming currently, Iowa farmers, Iowa State Government, and Iowa State University would all be well served to explore the dynamic local organic food systems of neighboring states.
Yet, in general, Iowas organic output is a microcosm of Iowas broader farm landscape, which is to say that it is heavily dominated by commodity corn and soybeans. A survey from the USDA found that less than 20% of Iowas 674 organic farms are selling directly to consumers, whether via CSA arrangements or markets such as downtowns Des Moines farmers market, which is among the best in the country.
In 2008, the UN Environment Program (UNEP) and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) stated that organic farming may be more supportive to food security in Africa than most conventional production systems, and is more likely to be sustainable over the long-term, and that yields were more than twice as high as in places that used organic, or nearly organic, practices, and soil fertility and drought tolerance improved.