Check with your local seed dealer, breeder, Extension grain agronomist, or Crop Advisor about optimal planting rates for the varieties you have selected, and for your region. The timing of your plantings may affect your success of growing winter wheat or spring wheat. The latest practical planting date for winter wheat will vary with weather, but enough moisture and growing-degree days should exist to allow seed to sprout, with the sprouts being able to reach Vernalization in spring. Winter wheat is planted in fall, grows slowly through winter months, speeds up in growth when spring arrives, and is ready to be harvested early summer.
Winter wheat is highly productive, planted in fall, and harvested (depending on location) during spring or summer of the following year. Spring Wheat grown further south is harvested in late July, and is often followed by the crop of winter wheat planted mid-to-late September.
Rake and cover seeds with one-inch soil for spring wheat, 2 inches for winter wheat. If planting spring wheat, you will have to plant about 1 inch deeper instead. If you have a large area you want to cover, you may want to spread out the wheat seeds, and then till the soil down to around 2 inches. Winter wheat can provide a crucial green cover in fields you were unable to plant in spring.
If spring wheat is planted too late, it might not yield large amounts of wheat because of the heat. There are a few varieties which can be planted during the summer season (such as the Sahai), but in general, in the summer, high disease and weed pressures are present, along with warm temperatures, which lead to reduced production (=3 T/ha), so winter is a better season to grow wheat. Many of the threats to crops thrive in warmer, moister weather, making treatments used in southern winter wheat crops more common compared to northern fields. The application of crop protection products, such as fungicides, and appropriate fertilizers, may safeguard the highest possible harvests throughout the growing season, making the weather favorable for wheat production.
Seed treatments, Wheat varieties which are tolerant to the interior, as well as herbicides, fungicides, and leaf insecticides all play an important role in protecting crops against insect infestations. The best choice is for farmers to plant resistant varieties, and Seed Co varieties of Wheat, like SC Select, are resistant to diseases like leaf rust. Look for Certified Seed Genetics which offer good winter toughness, resistance to diseases like Head Scab, and good standing ability in high Nitrogen Fertility needed for maximum Yields.
Harvest red winter wheat as early as possible to avoid loss of field and to keep grain good quality. Spread straw and chaff residues correctly using the combine during harvesting to help prepare fields to be in the best conditions to grow winter wheat. If fertilizing only the wheat crop, apply all of the phosphorus and potassium during fall preparation of seed beds according to the recommendations of the soil tests.
When using wheat to enhance extremely poor soil, mixing in balanced organic fertilizer in soil prior to planting will yield better results. If possible, using drip irrigation beneath smaller plantings of wheat is great.