Beyond labor, India needs to move away from rudimentary agriculture towards a more efficient, sustainable, productive agriculture. The future of agriculture in India needs to be less, and better-educated farmers running high-efficiency farms that produce higher-value goods. Given limits on farming as a viable occupation for hundreds of millions, even for effective, sustainable agriculture, government needs to provide the other sectors with the same policy attention it has given farmers. Governments and other organizations are trying to tackle the major challenges in farming in India, including farmers small holdings, primary and secondary processing, supply chains, infrastructure supporting the efficient utilisation of resources, and marketing, by cutting out middlemen in markets.
Along with agricultural marketing reforms post 2003, Indias IT revolution, new technologies in agriculture, private investments particularly on R&D, the governments efforts at revitalizing the cooperative movement to tackle small holdings and the problems of smaller production, and so forth are changing the face of agriculture in India. India is getting improved farm equipments in the 21st century, as well as newer mechanical farm tools. The limited application of mechanized agricultural techniques has prevented a more organised and productive agriculture sector from developing.
It is regrettable that farmers are not aware of the new farm machinery and farming techniques. The farmers are going back to square one — as productivity gains are being counterbalanced by increased farmers. Or, to put it another way, nearly all of the gains of the Green Revolution are lost, as India has added three times as much farm labour.
Farmers, constituting about 58% of the nations population, are still struggling to make ends meet due to unpredictable monsoons, inadequate infrastructure, demand for trained labour, the quality of soil and seeds, and the low uptake of farm technologies. Farmers whole livelihoods depend on agriculture, and most of them are still dependent on traditional farming techniques. Now, it is up to the manufacturers of the modern farming tools and machines to introduce innovations and new agro-techniques in the re-engineered Indian farms.
Finally, our rich Traditional Knowledge and cutting-edge technologies would enable farming to become very productive, improving overall socio-economic conditions for farmers, and drawing youth into farming. The use of GPS technologies, drones, robots, and more, through smartphones, can make farmers lives easier and more interesting, these modern tools will make agriculture more profitable, affordable, and eco-friendly. Future farming will make use of complex technologies like robots, temperature and humidity sensors, aerial imagery, and GPS technologies.
The incorporation of technologies into farming helps to avoid wastage of water and land, and at the same time, it provides farmers with climate-controlled greenhouses that can optimize the yield of crops as well as their crop quality all through the year. The report also states that farms and farming operations will need to be managed very differently, mostly because of advances in technologies like sensors, devices, machines, and information technologies. Implementing digital farming in the typical small-scale Indian farm will need an individualized approach, which could later scale up and become accessible for many Indian farms. Moreover, while the government has launched a national farm market that provides farmers with electronic means of selling their produce wherever they are located in India, whether farmers will really be able to reap any benefits from a national farm market is still not clear.