In your role as an agriculture economist, you will apply microeconomic and macroeconomic concepts and theories to understand economic decisions, such as why customers make particular decisions about what foods they purchase, and how governments decide how to support farmers. Studying agriculture helps you build a blend of technical skills and knowledge, including land use, agricultural practices, food production, crop and livestock sciences, use of agricultural machinery, and sustainability and environmental management. As an agriculture engineer, you will strive to enhance current agricultural practices, designing new equipment and machinery using Computer-Assisted Technology (CAD).
For this role, you will need a solid understanding of mathematics, science, and problem solving, and you need to be creative and be able to communicate effectively. Most farm managers also possess a related agriculture degree, such as Agricultural Engineering or Biology.
If you are looking to get into farming, but are unsure of the careers that are out there for you (and what you will need to learn in order to land one), then look no further, because we are going to take a look at the best careers in farming today, as well as the skills that are necessary for success in those roles. Find job listings for environmental and agricultural jobs, engineering and manufacturing jobs, business, consulting, and management jobs, and more.
Working in farm sales, you will sell equipment, animal feed, fertilizer, and seeds to farmers. These products, and the farming methods used, can differ from one part of the world to the next. Others, such as mushrooms, gardening (flowers and trees), poultry, and modern pork farms, buy most agricultural materials or provide other needs, and they use modern facilities which allow for environmental controls necessary to produce at an optimal level.
Some farming activities may cause an inconvenience for neighbors who do not farm, particularly if unfamiliar with farming practices. Understanding farming practices can enhance your enjoyment of living in the country, and can help you to appreciate the flow of agricultural activities that occur seasonally all around you. Experience from developing countries has shown that farming can be made far more productive by the right investments in irrigation systems, research, fertilizers, insecticides, and herbicides.
Seeing as increased output and productivity from farming generally contributes significantly to overall economic development in the country, it would be prudent and proper to give greater priority to the continued development of the agriculture sector. The agricultural sector has already contributed significantly to the economic prosperity of developed countries, and its role in economic development of the least developed countries is vital. Globalization has also increased agricultures potential for food security by increasing multipliers to large, labor-intensive, and untradable non-farming rural sectors. Hence, increased food availability from agricultural sectors has great implications for the countrys economic growth.
Agricultural economy plays an important role in economics of development, because the constant level of agricultural surplus is one of the sources of technology and trade growth. In early stages, relocating labor from agriculture to the non-agricultural sectors is most important in terms of economic development, since this relieves the pressure on the oversupplied labor forces on limited land. The increased agricultural productivity leads to an increase in incomes for the rural people, which, in turn, leads to an increased demand for industrial products, hence, development in industrial sectors. One of the difficulties of giving agricultural priority is that much of increase in farm production, and much of income gains, is concentrated in certain regions, not spread across the nation.
Agriculture not only has to provide an excess supply of food to cities, it has to be able to produce an increased quantity of food using relatively little labor. For one thing, agriculture must be able to produce the surplus food in order to support a growing labor force outside of farming, if there is development. Exporting food or farming techniques from countries that have a surplus to countries that have a deficit would do nothing to address world hunger. While developing countries are less dependent on agriculture than before, their economies will certainly suffer if all exports were to stop abruptly.
Speaking of trade, developing countries still derive the majority of their national incomes from exports of agriculture. Looking at the histories of more developed countries, one sees agriculture playing a major role in the process of their enrichment. It is rightly observed that, The leading industrialized countries today were once predominantly agricultural, whereas developing economies still enjoy a dominant role for agriculture, which largely contributes to the national income. Arguably, the most important aspect of agriculture is that it is the source of world food supplies.
Agriculture is such a large component of the infrastructure of countries, so it makes sense it will have repercussions for conflicts and wars. Because a stronger agriculture leads to benefits rather quickly, paying attention to it is one of the best ways to accelerate development and make the country better off globally. If effective changes are not made, climate change impacts to agriculture will devastate a countrys economy and ultimately destroy its food supply.
High-income countries can help achieve this goal by continuing open agricultural trade; by not allowing internal farm support programs to offload commodities onto world markets; and, for grains, by dramatically increasing demand by funding public works projects in rural areas, which lowers the cost of transactions in rural areas and brings them more fully into the global marketplace. It follows that massive food assistance programmes, within a rural infrastructure development framework, will constitute a major contribution by high-income countries, especially within their own domestic farm support programmes. For low-income countries, the role of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) must become much more significant than it has been in the past, serving as the liaison between fundamental research, private-sector research, and high-income countries.
It is high time for rural economies that rely on farming and related professions to become viable in the low-income countries. In many developing countries, independent farmers cannot afford the new technologies, and large businesses have taken over farming. As the manager of a farm, your role will be to oversee farm operations and make decisions about business while staying within budget parameters.