The enormous benefits, as well as untapped potential, makes organic farms a clear choice to feed the growing human population, and a possible future for agriculture. Organic farming is typically more profitable and more ecologically sound, using less chemicals, with relatively lower residues. Organic farming is generally considered a much more sustainable alternative in terms of food production. Organic farming is also a sustainable, ecologically sound farming strategy, which particularly benefits small-scale farmers.
Organic agriculture has emerged as an alternative farming system that can address concerns about quality and sustainability, as well as provide an unburdened future, as there is increased awareness about the safety and quality of the food, long-term sustainability of the system, and evidence of its equal productivity. There is less awareness among farmers of the ongoing trends in agriculture, such as sharecropping, that could potentially enhance sustainability in organic agriculture. There are also growing calls on governments to do more to advance organic and sustainable agriculture with new initiatives and programs. In a matter of years, conventional farm groups have been jumping on board and taking up the banner of ecologically sound agriculture with regenerative practices, and increasing amounts of private and public dollars to mitigate climate change have begun flowing toward conventional farms that utilize practices such as cover crops and reduced till.
The organic farm movement has been leading the innovation of sustainable farming for 30 years, says Mesko, whose career has covered every aspect of farming, from Meskos earliest days selling fertilizer and researching biotechnology, to his current focus on organic and sustainable agriculture. Now more than 30 years into transitioning his familys wheat-growing operation to organic, the veteran organic grain grower believes that regenerative organic agriculture is as vital as ever. Regenerative organic farming also will be critical in addressing climate change impacts to our country and world, Quinn explained.
When the veteran organic grain grower became the fourth generation to manage his familys lands near Big Sandy, Mont., he had an advanced education, including a Ph.D. in plant biochemistry. An experienced organic wheat farmer relies on the farm chemicals that he learned in class and on the farm with his dad. During the same time Quinn was making his transition into organic farming, he had also developed an interest in khorasan, an ancient wheat variety he has since labeled Kamut (pronounced KA-moot).
Compared with traditional methods, organic agriculture produces more food during the good weather, and it beats traditional methods during times of drought or flooding. Sonali McDermid says organic farming actually has the potential to increase crop yields more than conventional agriculture in certain areas of the developing world, since it does not rely so heavily on water and chemical inputs. Instead, organic farms use plants and biodiversity to help regulate their cropping systems, said Sonali McDermid. Farmers are able to earn more money through organic farming because this produce is a little bit higher in price than the produce grown in a conventional manner.
Organic farming is slowly becoming the most used way to farm the land, as well as being one of the more productive and economical methods. Organic agriculture is designed to produce food, but at the same time, it also creates ecological balance so that there are no problems with soil fertility or pests. Organic farming takes into account medium- to long-term impacts that farming interventions have on an agroecosystem. The effects of organic farming on natural resources favor interactions within the agro-ecosystem, which are essential to both crop production and conservation of nature.
Organic agriculture has benefits both for developing countries (environmental protection, improved biodiversity, reduced energy usage and CO2 emissions) and developing countries such as India (sustainable use of resources, increased yields without excessive dependence on costly external inputs, environment and biodiversity conservation, etc. Some scientists still worry that, because of the limited amount of available land to farm, industrialized countries may find that going 100% organic is not sustainable.